Treatment areas

Cardiovascular

Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is a chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood effectively enough to meet the needs of the body.


Prevention of Heart Failure

The best way to prevent heart failure is to control risk factors and conditions that can cause heart failure, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes or obesity.

Heart Failure treatment

Heart Failure can often be treated with good results. Treatment usually includes lifestyle changes, medicines, and ongoing care. Lifestyle changes, such as exercising, reducing salt intake, managing stress, treating depression, and especially losing weight, can improve quality of life.

Medications can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure and assist sufferers to live longer. Medicines are prescribed based on the type of Heart Failure, how severe it is and individual patients’ response to certain medicines.

The following medicines are commonly used to treat Heart Failure:

  • Diuretics (water or fluid pills) help reduce fluid buildup in the lungs and swelling in feet and ankles.
  • ACE inhibitors lower blood pressure and reduce strain to the heart. They also may reduce the risk of a future heart attack.
  • Aldosterone antagonists trigger the body to get rid of salt and water through urine. This lowers the volume of blood that the heart must pump.
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure to decrease the heart's workload.
  • Beta blockers slow your heart rate and lower blood pressure to decrease the heart's workload.

Should you have any queries or require further information please contact us

Reference:

  1. Arnold MQ. Heart Failure. Merck Manual on line. Home edition. 2008. Accessed at www.merckmanuals.com on 12 January2012.
  2. US Dept of Health and Human Science, National Heart, Lung and Blood institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hf/treatment.html.

    Accessed 3 March 2013.

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